Welcome to Selma, Alabama
Selma is located high on the banks of the Alabama River in Dallas County of which it is the county seat. The city is best known for the Battle of Selma and for the Selma to Montgomery Marches. Selma is home to the largest contiguous historic district in the State of Alabama.
As of the last census, the population of the city was 20,756.
Queen City of the Black Belt
Selma is the gateway to Alabama's Black Belt region. It the regional retail, medical, employment and cultural center for more than 80,000 people who live in a four-county area that includes Dallas, Perry, Wilcox and Lowndes counties. Selma offers outstanding public and private schools, Selma University, Concordia College and Wallace Community College, low taxes, a safe community, job opportunities, churches, civic clubs, cultural organizations, recreational outlets, Vaughan Regional Medical Center and many other amenities.
Civil War to Civil Rights
By the beginning of the Civil War, Selma
had become a transportation center and went on to become one of the main
military manufacturing centers supporting the South's war effort. Its
foundries produced much-needed supplies, particularly iron and
munitions, and its Navy yard constructed Confederate warships, including
the ironclad CSS Tennessee, and outfitted the CSS Nashville. Selma's
importance to the South made it one of the main targets of Gen. James H.
Wilson's raid into Alabama late into the war. On April 2, 1865, Wilson
attacked forces under Gen. Nathan Bedford Forrest who were defending
Selma and captured the city along with 2,700 Confederate prisoners.
Wilson's forces then proceeded to burn many of the town's residences and
private businesses, as well as the Confederate arsenal and naval
foundry. Ironically, the war ended just a few days later, but it would
take Selma many years to recover from the devastation.
(Source: Encyclopedia of Alabama)
In 1989, the Alabama State Legislature designated Selma the "Butterfly Capital of Alabama." The Eastern Tiger Swallowtail is Alabama's butterfly mascot.
Whether you're a resident, a business owner, a visitor or thinking of making Selma your home, we hope that you find what you're looking for. Check back often as we add new information on a regular basis. Your comments and suggestions are welcome. Please email us or call us at (334) 874-2101.
Copyright © 2007-2011
by City of Selma. All rights reserved.